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Global impact

The consequences of Russia's war of aggression against Ukraine, as well as sanctions and counter-sanctions, can be observed internationally. Within Ukraine, as well as in its European neighbourhood, millions of people are fleeing from the consequences of the war. Short-term humanitarian aid is as much a challenge as long-term admission and support of Ukrainian refugees in immediate neighbouring states, other EU states, and, in some cases, more distant countries such as the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States.

The war also has potentially drastic implications for regional and global food supplies: Ukraine as well as Russia and Belarus are among the most important exporters of grain, vegetable oil and fertilizers, which for various reasons now do not export or export only marginally. This leads to huge price increases, food shortages, increases in hunger, and risks social destabilization in countries with high import dependence. Moreover, the war has implications for global governance issues. This concerns the systemic competition between Western liberal democracies and authoritarian systems as well as the power constellation between Russia, China and the USA.