Dr. Kirsten Westphal

Dr. Kirsten Westphal

Research Division: Global Issues
Senior Associate


Since 2018 Head of the Project "Geopolitics of Energy Transformation"

2018/2019 Member of the Expert Council of the Global Commission on the Geopolitics of Energy Transition (2018/2019)

Since 2020 Member of the Scientific Council of the Royal Institute Elcano, Madrid

Since 2017 Member of the Advisory Board, Regional Centre for Energy Policy Research (REKK) Foundation, Budapest

Since 2017 Member of the Editorial Board, "European Energy Journal"

Since 2016 Head of the project "Germany-Poland Energy Dialogue"

2016 Head of the project "Energy Security in the OSCE"

Since 2015 Head of the project "Germany-Russia Energy Dialogue"

2003-2008 Assistant Professor at JLU Gießen for International Relations and Foreign Policy

1999-2002 Researcher at the JLU Gießen, Guest researcher at IRELA Madrid and Center for International Development and Environmental Relations (CIDER) JLU Gießen

1999,2000 Guest Researcher at the Instituto de Relaciones Europeo-Latinoamericanas (IRELA), Madrid

1996-1998 Preussen Elektra AG; Guest Researcher at the The Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF)

Areas of Expertise:

Energy policy, EU energy policy

Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation, Global Energy Issues and Security, International Energy-Governance, Energy and Connectivity,  EU Foreign Energy Relations, Energy Developments in the Neighbourhood (Eastern Europe/Eurasia, the Mediterranean and the MENA region.

SWP Publications (selection):

Sascha Lohmann, Kirsten Westphal

US-Russia Policy Hits European Energy Supply

The Consequences of Unilateral Sanctions and Growing Market Competition

SWP Comment 2019/C 06, February 2019, 8 Pages


Andreas Goldthau, Martin Keim, Kirsten Westphal

The Geopolitics of Energy Transformation

Governing the Shift: Transformation Dividends, Systemic Risks and New Uncertainties

SWP Comment 2018/C 42, October 2018, 4 Pages
Kirsten Westphal, Aurélie Bros, Tatiana Mitrova

German-Russian Gas Relations

A Special Relationship in Troubled Waters

SWP Research Paper 2017/RP 13, December 2017, 48 Pages
Ellen Scholl, Kirsten Westphal

European Energy Security Reimagined

Mapping the Risks, Challenges and Opportunities of Changing Energy Geographies

SWP Research Paper 2017/RP 04, March 2017, 34 Pages

External Publications (selection):

Daniel Scholten, Morgan Bazilian, Indra Overland, Kirsten Westphal

The geopolitics of renewables: New board, new game

in: Energy Policy, February 2020, 6 pages (online)


Andreas Goldthau, Kirsten Westphal

Why the Global Energy Transition Does Not Mean the End of the Petrostate

in: Global Policy, Volume 10, Issue 2, May 2019, pp. 279-289
Kirsten Westphal, Andreas Goldthau, Morgan Bazilian, Michael Bradshaw

How the energy transition will reshape geopolitics

Paths to a low-carbon economy will create rivalries, winners and losers

in: Nature, Vol. 569, May 2019, pp. 2-5
David Ramin Jalilvand, Kirsten Westphal (eds.)

The Political and Economic Challenges of Energy in the Middle East and North Africa

in: Routledge Global Governance, Routledge, 2018, 302 pages
Kirsten Westphal, Sybille Röhrkasten

The G20 and its Role in Global Energy Governance

in: Sybille Röhrkasten / Sonja Thielges / Rainer Quitzow (eds.), Sustainable Energy in the G20: Prospects for a Global Energy Transition, IASS Study, December 2016, pp. 12-18
Thijs Van de Graaf, Kirsten Westphal

The G8 and G20 as Global Steering Committees for Energy: Opportunities and Constraints

in: Global Policy 2 (1), September 2011, pp. 19 -30

Working Papers of the Research Division (selection):

Sybille Röhrkasten, Kirsten Westphal

IRENA and Germany's Foreign Renewable Energy Policy

Aiming at Multilevel Governance and an Internationalization of the Energiewende?

Working Paper FG 8, 2013/ 01, September 2013, 17 Pages

In the Media/ »Point of View« (selection):

Kirsten Westphal

The four great challenges for the European gas market

in: European Energy Review, 02.07.2012 (online)


Morgan Bazilian, Michael Bradshaw, Johannes Gabriel, Andreas Goldthau, Kirsten Westphal
Four scenarios for energy transition: Drivers, consequences and implications for geopolitics
In: WIREs Climate Change, Wiley Periodicals, 2019, 7 pages

Indra Overland, Morgan Bazilian, Roman Vakulchuk, Talgat Ilimbek Uulu, Kirsten Westphal
The GeGaLo index: Geopolitical Gains and Losses after Energy Transition
In: Energy Strategy Reviews, Volume 26, November 2019, 16 pages

Dirk Buschle, Kirsten Westphal
A Challenge to Governance in the EU: Decarbonization and Energy Security
In: European Energy Journal, Volume 8 Issue 3/4, July 2019, pp. 53-64

Andreas Goldthau, Kirsten Westphal
Why the global energy transition does not mean the end of the petrostate
in: Global Policy, Vol. 10, Issue 2, May 2019, pp. 279-278

Kirsten Westphal, Andreas Goldthau
How the energy transition will reshape geopolitics
Paths to a low-carbon economy will create rivalries, winners and losers
in: Nature, Vol. 569, May 2019, pp. 2-5

Kirsten Westphal
Germany’s Energiewende: Climate Change in Focus—Competitiveness and Energy Security Sidelined?in: Godzimirski, Jakub M. (ed.), New Political Economy of Energy in Europe: Power to Project, Power to Adapt, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, pp. 165-194

Maria Pastukhova, Kirsten Westphal
Eurasian Economic Union Integrates Energy Markets – EU Stands Aside

SWP Comment 2018/C 05, January 2018, 8 Pages

The Political and Economic Challenges of Energy in the Middle East and North Africa, Routledge Global Governance, Routledge, 2018, (mit David Ramin Jalilvand) (302 pages)

Denis Chukanov, Petra Opitz, Maria Pastukhova, Gianguido Piani, Kirsten Westphal
Renewable Energy and Decentralized Power Generation in Russia: An Opportunity for German-Russian Energy Cooperation
SWP Comments 2017/C 45, November 2017, 8 Seiten

Kacper Szulecki, Kirsten Westphal
Taking security seriously in EU Energy Governance: Crimean Shock and the Energy Union
in: Kacper Szulecki (ed.): Energy Security in Europe: Divergent Perceptions and Policy Challenges, Springer International Publishing AG: Cham, October 2017, pp. 177-202

SWP Research Papers

Anne Koch
On the Run in Their Own Country

Political and Institutional Challenges in the Context of Internal Displacement

Bettina Rudloff
A Stable Countryside for a Stable Country?

The Effects of a DCFTA with the EU on Tunisian Agriculture