Cyber attacks against states, ransomware paralysing hospitals, espionage against civil society organisations — cyber attacks have become ubiquitous. Their aim: to sabotage, blackmail, harm and spy on states, companies and private individuals.
But who is behind them? What political motives and agendas drive their actions? Are they linked to governments? And what measures should the European Union take to effectively counter such attacks?
The European Repository of Cyber Incidents (EuRepoC) has been dealing with these and other questions since November 2022. The aim of the politically independent research consortium is to provide up-to-date information, data and analyses on cyber attacks in order to raise awareness of cyber security threats.
At the heart of the project is an open-access database in which worldwide cyber attacks are continuously and systematically collected. For this purpose, the data is subjected to multi-level coding and assigned to 60 different categories – according to political, legal and technical criteria. The data sets are continuously expanded, freely accessible and downloadable. An interactive dashboard allows users to compare the implications of and reactions to individual incidents and to identify trends.
In addition, the findings from the project are used for academic articles and workshops. To maintain the highest scientific standards, all publications produced by the project are subjected to a rigorous internal peer review process.
Since March 2022, the project has been funded – initially for two years – by the Coordination Group for Cyber Foreign Policy at the German Foreign Office and by the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It is planned to involve additional European partners and funders.
The team consists of researchers from the University of Heidelberg (Germany), the University of Innsbruck (Austria), Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (Germany) and the Cyber Policy Institute (Estonia). It is an interdisciplinary European project that combines information sciences with social sciences and law.
Universität Heidelberg, Institut für Politische Wissenschaft (Consortium Lead Organisation)
Kim Schuck (Project Coordinator)
Universität Innsbruck, Institut für Theorie und Zukunft des Rechts
Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik
Cyber Policy Institute