While digitalisation is a global process, the effects of this process in different regions of the world vary significantly. China’s digital policies are very different from Europe’s, for example. The debate about the importance of social media in the context of the “Arab Spring” in the Middle East clearly differs from today’s debate about “fake news” in the United States. This shows in a striking way that digitalisation is not only interwoven with various policy areas, but is also always part of the regional political dynamics.
There are also feedback loops between regional political developments and the structures of global internet governance. One increasingly urgent question is how the different regional arrangements can be reconciled with the technical and legal requirements of a global communications network.
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