Annegret Bendiek, Ronja Kempin, Nicolai von Ondarza

Qualified Majority Voting and Flexible Integration for a More Effective CFSP?

A Critical Examination of the EU’s Options

SWP Comment 2018/C 25, June 2018, 8 Pages

The idea of qualified majority voting in the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) is not new, but its momentum has been boosted by the growing international challenges facing the EU. The German government argues that abolishing the unanimity principle would make the EU a stronger foreign policy actor in face of rising transatlantic tensions, a resurgent Russia and an expansive China. But short of an overall treaty amendment the legal possibilities are limited. Qualified majority voting in the CFSP is also problematic if it weakens the EU’s internal legitimacy and external credibility. A dual approach is necessary: in the medium term strengthening the CFSP through flexible integration; in the long term supporting the development of a shared strategic culture through the establishment of collective European threat analysis and intelligence.

SWP Research Paper

Rainer Glatz, Wibke Hansen, Markus Kaim, Judith Vorrath
Missions in a Changing World

The Bundeswehr and Its Operations Abroad


Lars Brozus (ed.)
While We Were Planning

Unexpected Developments in International Politics. Foresight Contributions 2018