Peter Rudolf

How September 11 Changed American Foreign Policy

The Record a Year Later

SWP Comment 2002/C 01, September 2002, 7 Pages

September 11 presented the Bush administration with the opportunity for a strategic reorientation of American foreign policy. Contrary to the hopes of many, however, this chance was not used to move towards a more multilateral policy, rather it was used to mobilize resources to the benefit of a superpower policy with a strong emphasis on military might. In light of increased perception of asymmetrical threats and with the “War on Terrorism” as legitimizing principle, those who advocate a policy based on superior military power and unrestricted room to maneuver have succeeded in dominating the foreign policy discourse in the US. The more such thinking determines the policy of the Bush administration - and in many areas it has already shaped decisions - the more this will lead to strategic divergence between the US and Europe.

SWP Research Paper

Muriel Asseburg
Reconstruction in Syria

Challenges and Policy Options for the EU and its Member States


Guido Steinberg
Regional Power United Arab Emirates

Abu Dhabi Is No Longer Saudi Arabia’s Junior Partner