Can Kasapoğlu

Control of the Syrian Airspace

Russian Geopolitical Ambitions and Air Threat Assessment

SWP Comment 2018/C 14, April 2018, 4 Pages

Russia has mounted its anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) footprint in the Levant and also boosted the Syrian Arab Air Defense Force’s capabilities. Syrian skies now remain a heavily contested combat airspace and a dangerous flashpoint. Moreover, there is another grave threat to monitor at low altitudes. Throughout the civil war, various non-state armed groups have acquired advanced man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS), which pose a menacing challenge not only to the deployed forces, but also to commercial aviation around the world. In the face of these threats, NATO needs to draw key lessons-learned from the contemporary Russian operational art, and more importantly, to develop a new understanding in order to grasp the emerging reality in Syria. Simply put, control of the Syrian airspace is becoming an extremely crucial issue, and it will be a determining factor for the war-torn country’s future status quo.

SWP Research Paper

Sabine Fischer
The Donbas Conflict

Opposing Interests and Narratives, Difficult Peace Process


Barbara Lippert, Nicolai von Ondarza, Volker Perthes (eds.),
European Strategic Autonomy

Actors, Issues, Conflicts of Interests