Rainer Glatz, Martin Zapfe

Ambitious Framework Nation: Germany in NATO

Bundeswehr Capability Planning and the “Framework Nations Concept”

SWP Comments 2017/C 35, September 2017, 8 Pages

Berlin is pursuing ambitious plans for security and defence, with significant potential for the Bundeswehr and European partner militaries. In the long-term, the Bundeswehr could well become Europe’s indispensable army, with Germany as a “framework nation” contributing decisively to NATO’s readiness. This will require the future German government to accept an unaccustomed politico-military leadership role. It will also be necessary to increase defence spending for the long term.

SWP Research Paper

Marianne Beisheim, Anne Ellersiek
Partnerships for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Transformative, Inclusive and Accountable?


Kirsten Westphal, Aurélie Bros, Tatiana Mitrova
German-Russian Gas Relations

A Special Relationship in Troubled Waters