Rainer Glatz, Martin Zapfe

Ambitious Framework Nation: Germany in NATO

Bundeswehr Capability Planning and the “Framework Nations Concept”

SWP Comment 2017/C 35, September 2017, 8 Pages

Berlin is pursuing ambitious plans for security and defence, with significant potential for the Bundeswehr and European partner militaries. In the long-term, the Bundeswehr could well become Europe’s indispensable army, with Germany as a “framework nation” contributing decisively to NATO’s readiness. This will require the future German government to accept an unaccustomed politico-military leadership role. It will also be necessary to increase defence spending for the long term.

SWP Research Paper

Rainer Glatz, Wibke Hansen, Markus Kaim, Judith Vorrath
Missions in a Changing World

The Bundeswehr and Its Operations Abroad


Lars Brozus (ed.)
While We Were Planning

Unexpected Developments in International Politics. Foresight Contributions 2018