Rainer Glatz, Martin Zapfe

Ambitious Framework Nation: Germany in NATO

Bundeswehr Capability Planning and the “Framework Nations Concept”

SWP Comments 2017/C 35, September 2017, 8 Pages

Berlin is pursuing ambitious plans for security and defence, with significant potential for the Bundeswehr and European partner militaries. In the long-term, the Bundeswehr could well become Europe’s indispensable army, with Germany as a “framework nation” contributing decisively to NATO’s readiness. This will require the future German government to accept an unaccustomed politico-military leadership role. It will also be necessary to increase defence spending for the long term.

SWP Research Paper

Sebastian Schiek
Movement on the Silk Road

China’s “Belt and Road” Initiative as an Incentive for Intergovernmental Cooperation and Reforms at Central Asia’s Borders


Annegret Bendiek
A Paradigm Shift in the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy: From Transformation to Resilience