Global Challenges

North Korea's nuclear tests, their yield and magnitude
Note: Yield in 1,000 tonnes (kt) TNT equivalent.
Magnitude (mb): Strength of the seismic waves triggered by the nuclear test.
Source of Data: Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO), ROK Ministry of National Defence.
Source of Visualization: © 2018 Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), CSIS Missile Defense Project, https://i2.wp.com/missilethreat.csis.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/North-Korea-Nuclear-Test_V1_reduced.jpg

North Korea poses a challenge to the international community in many respects. The North Korean regime violates international norms and treaties, refuses to obey UN Security Council decisions and commits serious human rights violations. With its short- and medium-range missiles, North Korea threatens neighbouring states. North Korean long-range ballistic missiles can probably reach Europe and the United States as well. In addition to conventional weapon systems, Pyongyang very likely also has biological and chemical warfare agents. North Korea thus challenges multilateral regimes concerning the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and is the only country to have declared its withdrawal from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Furthermore, North Korea’s activities in cyberspace present a complex and new challenge.

It is in the interests of Germany and the European Union to sustainably and peacefully deal with the multiple challenges mentioned above. Although not directly involved in the conflict and its regional resolution, they nevertheless influence the actors to the conflict in various ways. The final chapter of the SWP Research Paper Facets of the North Korea Conflict: Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests deals with the role of Germany and the EU with regard to the North Korean conflict and suggests a number of policies they could pursue.

A chart of the chronology of North Korean missile tests from 1984 to 2017 can be found in the SWP Research Paper Facets of the North Korea Conflict: Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests.

An overview of North Korea’s cyber activities complements the chapter Cyberspace: Asymmetric Warfare and Cyber-Heists in the SWP Research Paper Facets of the North Korea Conflict: Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests.

Publications

Displaying results 1 to 10 out of 13
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Oliver Meier

Non-Proliferation: Containing a Rule Breaker

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 40-45
Hanns Günther Hilpert, Frédéric Krumbein

Human Rights Policy: No Trade-Off Necessary

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 46-50
Volker Stanzel

Diplomacy: Going Round and Round in Circles?

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 51-56
Hanns Maull

Sanctions: Their Development, Significance and Results

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 57-61
Michael Paul

Military Options: (Too) Much Risk for (Too) Little Promise

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 62-67
Matthias Schulze

Cyberspace: Asymmetric Warfare and Cyber-Heists

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 68-72
Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier

Disentangling rather than Cutting the Gordian Knot: The North Korea Conflict and the Role of Europe

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 73-83
Elisabeth Suh

North Korea and Arms Control: Past Agreements and Future Proposals

Sicherheit und Frieden, Jahrgang 36, Heft 2, 2018
Michael Paul, Elisabeth Suh

North Korea’s Nuclear-Armed Missiles

Options for the US and its Allies in the Asia-Pacific

SWP Comment 2017/C 32, August 2017, 8 Pages
Oliver Meier

Non-Proliferation in Areas of Limited Statehood

The Contribution of International Regimes to Controlling Mass Destruction Capacities in War and Crisis Zones

SWP Research Paper 2017/RP 09, July 2017, 35 Pages
Displaying results 1 to 10 out of 13
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SWP Comments

Michael Paul
Partnership on the High Seas

China and Russia’s Joint Naval Manoeuvres


Judith Vorrath, Maike Voss
The Hidden Dangers of Falsified and Substandard Medicines

Developing Countries Are Most Affected by the Illegal Trade


SWP Research Papers