Global Challenges

North Korea's nuclear tests, their yield and magnitude
Note: Yield in 1,000 tonnes (kt) TNT equivalent.
Magnitude (mb): Strength of the seismic waves triggered by the nuclear test.
Source of Data: Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO), ROK Ministry of National Defence.
Source of Visualization: © 2018 Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), CSIS Missile Defense Project, https://i2.wp.com/missilethreat.csis.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/North-Korea-Nuclear-Test_V1_reduced.jpg

North Korea poses a challenge to the international community in many respects. The North Korean regime violates international norms and treaties, refuses to obey UN Security Council decisions and commits serious human rights violations. With its short- and medium-range missiles, North Korea threatens neighbouring states. North Korean long-range ballistic missiles can probably reach Europe and the United States as well. In addition to conventional weapon systems, Pyongyang very likely also has biological and chemical warfare agents. North Korea thus challenges multilateral regimes concerning the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and is the only country to have declared its withdrawal from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Furthermore, North Korea’s activities in cyberspace present a complex and new challenge.

It is in the interests of Germany and the European Union to sustainably and peacefully deal with the multiple challenges mentioned above. Although not directly involved in the conflict and its regional resolution, they nevertheless influence the actors to the conflict in various ways. The final chapter of the SWP Research Paper Facets of the North Korea Conflict: Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests deals with the role of Germany and the EU with regard to the North Korean conflict and suggests a number of policies they could pursue.

A chart of the chronology of North Korean missile tests from 1984 to 2017 can be found in the SWP Research Paper Facets of the North Korea Conflict: Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests.

An overview of North Korea’s cyber activities complements the chapter Cyberspace: Asymmetric Warfare and Cyber-Heists in the SWP Research Paper Facets of the North Korea Conflict: Actors, Problems and Europe’s Interests.

Publications

Displaying results 1 to 10 out of 16
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Eric J. Ballbach

It is time to act, not react, on North Korea

After new provocations, North Korea is back on the agenda of the international community. The US must not engage in a rhetorical tug-of-war. Instead, it must act quickly, says Eric J. Ballbach. Europe can also play a role in this.

Point of View, 29.03.2021
Elisabeth Suh

Inferring from signaling: North Korea’s deterrence strategy and bargaining tactic

What might Pyongyang’s continued missile tests, public statements, and military exercises signal ahead of the 75th anniversary of the Workers’ Party of Korea?

in: Next Generation Nuclear Network, Center for Strategic & International Studies, 07.08.2020
Oliver Meier

Non-Proliferation: Containing a Rule Breaker

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 40-45
Hanns Günther Hilpert, Frédéric Krumbein

Human Rights Policy: No Trade-Off Necessary

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 46-50
Volker Stanzel

Diplomacy: Going Round and Round in Circles?

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 51-56
Hanns Maull

Sanctions: Their Development, Significance and Results

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 57-61
Michael Paul

Military Options: (Too) Much Risk for (Too) Little Promise

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 62-67
Matthias Schulze

Cyberspace: Asymmetric Warfare and Cyber-Heists

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 68-72
Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier

Disentangling rather than Cutting the Gordian Knot: The North Korea Conflict and the Role of Europe

in: Hanns Günther Hilpert, Oliver Meier (eds.)
Facets of the North Korea Conflict

Contributions to Research Papers 2018/RP 12, December 2018, 85 Pages, S. 73-83
Displaying results 1 to 10 out of 16
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SWP Comments

Dumitru Minzarari
The Russian Military Escalation around Ukraine’s Donbas

Risks and Scenarios for a Revised EU Policy


Franziska Smolnik, Mikheil Sarjveladze, Giorgi Tadumadze
Deadlock in Georgia

Political Crisis and Regional Changes Need an EU Response


SWP Research Papers

Daniel Voelsen
Internet from Space

How New Satellite Connections Could Affect Global Internet Governance


Sinem Adar, Günter Seufert
Turkey’s Presidential System after Two and a Half Years

An Overview of Institutions and Politics