Khaled Yacoub Oweis

Syria’s Society Upended

Societal Rifts Pose a Massive Challenge to Pursuit of a Political Solution

SWP Comment 2017/C 27, July 2017, 8 Pages

The Syrian civil war has profoundly altered established business structures, a delicate balance of religious values, and long-standing ties between urban and rural areas. New networks, identities, and social hierarchies have emerged in connection with the war economy, the militarization of the public sphere, and signs of ethnic cleansing. Any formal end to the conflict is unlikely to halt the violent societal transformation. Co-existence will remain a major challenge due to the nature of the cleavages. However, an inclusive political system that ends the marginalization of the Sunni majority, accepts diversity, and protects minorities is a prerequisite for reducing the levels of profound mistrust between the different societal groups.

SWP Research Paper

Volker Stanzel (ed.)
New Realities in Foreign Affairs: Diplomacy in the 21st Century

Volker Stanzel
Introduction: Following the Wrong Track or Walking on Stepping Stones - Which Way for Diplomacy?