Annette Weber

Transformation Backlog in South Sudan

Security Sector Reforms Stall in the Face of Growing Autocracy

SWP Comment 2013/C 20, July 2013, 4 Pages


South Sudan

On July 9, 2013, South Sudan celebrated its second birthday as the world's youngest nation. Since the country acquired its independence, the South Sudanese government has made several remarkable policy decisions. One of the most spectacular was its one-year halt on oil production—an audacious move for a country that is more than 97 percent dependent on oil revenues. Although Sudan and South Sudan were on the brink of war after their separation, the two governments have since managed to achieve an impressive balancing act in their relations. Yet the South Sudanese regime has still not succeeded in ensuring domestic peace. As a former rebel movement, the administration is having difficulty taking on the role of a civilian government. Security sector reform is faltering: Attempts at demobilization have not materialized and there is no division of responsibilities between the police and army. Moreover, conflicts are increasingly focused on ethnic divisions, and instead of encouraging political participation, the government in Juba is falling back on the exercise of authority and control.

SWP Research Paper

Muriel Asseburg
Reconstruction in Syria

Challenges and Policy Options for the EU and its Member States

Guido Steinberg
Regional Power United Arab Emirates

Abu Dhabi Is No Longer Saudi Arabia’s Junior Partner