Hanns Günther Hilpert, Stormy-Annika Mildner (eds.)

Fragmentation or Cooperation in Global Resource Governance?

A Comparative Analysis of the Raw Materials Strategies of the G20

SWP Research Paper 2013/RP 01, March 2013, 204 Pages

Developments in the metals and minerals markets are creating great challenges for industries and governments. Prices have risen sharply over the past decade, with strong fluctuations. In many metal markets supply and demand are highly concentrated, with deposits localized in a handful of countries and production in the hands of just two or three companies. Increasingly frequent state intervention and speculative tendencies produce a situation where market mechanisms often fail to function satisfactorily.

These challenges cannot be tackled by national action alone. Rather, in the worst case, political measures that appear rational for a single country may generate collectively negative outcomes at the global level. However, multilateral governance initiatives for minerals and metals are virtually non-existent. Differences between the G20 states concerning interests, economic frameworks, goals, and instruments stand in the way of effective international raw materials governance.

That is the starting point for this study, which sets out to explore the opportunities and challenges for greater international cooperation by systematically analyzing the raw materials situations, strategies, and instruments of the G20 states.

“Fragmentation or Cooperation in Global Resource Governance?” is a collaboration between the SWP and the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR).

Table of Contents

Manfred Dalheimer (BGR) / Henri Pierre Gebauer (BGR)
Preface
p.5

Hanns Günther Hilpert / Stormy-Annika Mildner
Problems and Recommendations
p.7-9

Hanns Günther Hilpert / Stormy-Annika Mildner
Introduction: Global Raw Materials Markets – National Raw Materials Policies
p.11-16

Hanns Günther Hilpert / Stormy-Annika Mildner
Country Selection and Results
p.17-23

Claudia Zilla
Argentina
p.24-29

Gitta Lauster
Australia
p.30-37

Claudia Zilla
Brazil
p.38-43

Petra Dolata
Canada
p.44-50

Hanns Günther Hilpert
China
p.51-58

Stormy-Annika Mildner / Julia Howald
European Union
p.59-66

Florian Wassenberg
France
p.67-72

Stormy-Annika Mildner / Julia Howald
Germany
p.73-81

Jannic Horne / Christian Wagner
India
p.82-87

Franziska Killiches
Indonesia
p.88-93

Malte Paolo Benjamins / Hanns Günther Hilpert
Italy
p.94-97

Hanns Günther Hilpert
Japan
p.98-104

Claudia Zilla
Mexico
p.105-110

Ognian N. Hishow
Russia
p.111-117

Eckart Woertz
Saudi Arabia
p.118-124

Denis M. Tull
South Africa
p.125-130

Hanns Günther Hilpert
South Korea
p.131-137

Günter Seufert
Turkey
p.138-142

Anja Dahlmann / Johannes Häußler
United Kingdom
p.143-149

Stormy-Annika Mildner / Julia Howald
United States
p.150-157

Annexes: Overview
p.159-204

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