European and Global Energy Governance

Energie © Felix Montino, CC BY 2.0,

With global demand for energy, greenhouse gas emissions and energy price volatility all increasing, heightened transformation pressure is felt more broadly than just in national energy systems. Steadily growing interdependencies make energy more and more a prominent matter of international politics. Traditionally security of supply has been uppermost; now sustainability and competitiveness are increasingly gaining ground. Energy policy in the European Union is gradually being placed in a coherent regulatory framework with the adoption of the third internal energy market package. Yet when it comes to shaping and steering global energy relationships, the institutional landscape remains characterised by great fragmentation. Challenges persist over ensuring security of supply and transforming the energy system, both in EU energy policy and in global energy governance.


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Kirsten Westphal

The European Gas Puzzle

Over-Securitization, Dilemmas and Multi-level Gas Politics on the European Continent a Year after ‘Euromaidan’

Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Policy Brief No. 11, 2014
Severin Fischer

The EU’s New Energy and Climate Policy Framework for 2030

Implications for the German Energy Transition

SWP Comment 2014/C 55, December 2014, 8 Pages
Marco Overhaus, Guido Steinberg, Kirsten Westphal

The US Shale Revolution and the Arab Gulf States

The Economic and Political Impact of Changing Energy Markets

SWP Research Paper 2014/RP 11, November 2014, 33 Pages
Kirsten Westphal

Institutional change in European natural gas markets and implications for energy security

Lessons from the German case

in: Energy Policy, Volume 74, November 2014, pp. 35-43
Kacpar Szulecki, Kirsten Westphal

The Cardinal Sins of European Energy Policy

Nongovernance in an Uncertain Global Landscape

in: Global Policy, Volume 5, Issue Supplement 1, pp. 38-51
Julia Howald, Stormy-Annika Mildner, Kirsten Westphal

Tipping the Power Balance?

The Shale Revolution and U.S. Foreign Policy

in: Transatlantic Academy Publications, 07.03.2014 (online)
Severin Fischer, Oliver Geden

Moving Targets

Negotiations on the EU’s Energy and Climate Policy Objectives for the Post-2020 Period and Implications for the German Energy Transition

SWP Research Paper 2014/RP 03, March 2014, 30 Pages
Displaying results 21 to 27 out of 27
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SWP Comments

Steffen Angenendt, Nadine Biehler
On the Way to a Global Compact on Refugees

The “Zero Draft”: A Positive, but Not Yet Sufficient Step

Paul Joscha Kohlenberg, Nadine Godehardt
China’s Global Connectivity Politics

On Confidently Dealing with Chinese Initiatives

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Susanne Dröge, Harro van Asselt, Kasturi Das, Michael Mehling
Mobilising Trade Policy for Climate Action under the Paris Agreement

Options for the European Union

Marianne Beisheim, Anne Ellersiek
Partnerships for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Transformative, Inclusive and Accountable?