European and Global Energy Governance

Energie © Felix Montino, CC BY 2.0,

With global demand for energy, greenhouse gas emissions and energy price volatility all increasing, heightened transformation pressure is felt more broadly than just in national energy systems. Steadily growing interdependencies make energy more and more a prominent matter of international politics. Traditionally security of supply has been uppermost; now sustainability and competitiveness are increasingly gaining ground. Energy policy in the European Union is gradually being placed in a coherent regulatory framework with the adoption of the third internal energy market package. Yet when it comes to shaping and steering global energy relationships, the institutional landscape remains characterised by great fragmentation. Challenges persist over ensuring security of supply and transforming the energy system, both in EU energy policy and in global energy governance.


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Vivian Scott, Oliver Geden

The challenge of carbon dioxide removal for EU policy-making

in: Nature Energy, Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 350-352, May 2018
Kirsten Westphal, Aurélie Bros, Tatiana Mitrova

German-Russian Gas Relations

A Special Relationship in Troubled Waters

SWP Research Paper 2017/RP 13, December 2017, 48 Pages
Denis Chukanov, Petra Opitz, Maria Pastukhova, Gianguido Piani, Kirsten Westphal

Renewable Energy and Decentralized Power Generation in Russia

An Opportunity for German-Russian Energy Cooperation

SWP Comment 2017/C 45, November 2017, 8 Pages
Aleksandra Gawlikowska-Fyk, Kai-Olaf Lang, Karsten Neuhoff, Ellen Scholl, Kirsten Westphal

Germany and Poland in the Energy Union

Moving from Controversies to Shared Interests?

in: European Energy Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, August 2017, pp. 49-59
Kirsten Westphal

The North Sea Region

in: Gerald Stang (ed.), Securing the Energy Union: five pillars and five regions, EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017, pp. 39-47
Ellen Scholl, Kirsten Westphal

European Energy Security Reimagined

Mapping the Risks, Challenges and Opportunities of Changing Energy Geographies

SWP Research Paper 2017/RP 04, March 2017, 34 Pages
Aleksandra Gawlikowska-Fyk, Kai-Olaf Lang, Karsten Neuhoff, Ellen Scholl, Kirsten Westphal

Energy in the German-Polish Relationship

Acknowledging Controversies – Pursuing Shared Interests

SWP Comment 2017/C 04, February 2017, 8 Pages
Kirsten Westphal

The EU: In the Midst of Crisis – Downgraded Sustainable Energy Ambitions

in: Sybille Röhrkasten / Sonja Thielges / Rainer Quitzow (eds.), Sustainable Energy in the G20: Prospects for a Global Energy Transition, IASS Study, December 2016, pp. 39-44
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SWP Comments

Bettina Rudloff
Yes, He Can: Trump Provokes a Trade War

A Clever EU Will Refrain from Further Tariffs but Hold Firm on WTO Rules

Janis Kluge
Kremlin Launches Risky Pension Reform

Plan to Raise Retirement Age Undermines Confidence in Russian Leadership

SWP Research Papers

Peter Lintl (ed.)
Actors in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Interests, Narratives and the Reciprocal Effects of the Occupation

Uwe Halbach
Chechnya’s Status within the Russian Federation

Ramzan Kadyrov’s Private State and Vladimir Putin’s Federal “Power Vertical”