European and Global Energy Governance

© Felix Montino, CC BY 2.0,
Energie © Felix Montino, CC BY 2.0,

With global demand for energy, greenhouse gas emissions and energy price volatility all increasing, heightened transformation pressure is felt more broadly than just in national energy systems. Steadily growing interdependencies make energy more and more a prominent matter of international politics. Traditionally security of supply has been uppermost; now sustainability and competitiveness are increasingly gaining ground. Energy policy in the European Union is gradually being placed in a coherent regulatory framework with the adoption of the third internal energy market package. Yet when it comes to shaping and steering global energy relationships, the institutional landscape remains characterised by great fragmentation. Challenges persist over ensuring security of supply and transforming the energy system, both in EU energy policy and in global energy governance.


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Kirsten Westphal

Germany’s Energiewende: Climate Change in Focus—Competitiveness and Energy Security Sidelined?

in: Godzimirski, Jakub M. (ed.), New Political Economy of Energy in Europe: Power to Project, Power to Adapt, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, pp. 165-194
Andreas Goldthau, Martin Keim, Kirsten Westphal

The Geopolitics of Energy Transformation

Governing the Shift: Transformation Dividends, Systemic Risks and New Uncertainties

SWP Comment 2018/C 42, October 2018, 4 Pages
Vivian Scott, Oliver Geden

The challenge of carbon dioxide removal for EU policy-making

in: Nature Energy, Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 350-352, May 2018
Kirsten Westphal, Aurélie Bros, Tatiana Mitrova

German-Russian Gas Relations

A Special Relationship in Troubled Waters

SWP Research Paper 2017/RP 13, December 2017, 48 Pages
Denis Chukanov, Petra Opitz, Maria Pastukhova, Gianguido Piani, Kirsten Westphal

Renewable Energy and Decentralized Power Generation in Russia

An Opportunity for German-Russian Energy Cooperation

SWP Comment 2017/C 45, November 2017, 8 Pages
Aleksandra Gawlikowska-Fyk, Kai-Olaf Lang, Karsten Neuhoff, Ellen Scholl, Kirsten Westphal

Germany and Poland in the Energy Union

Moving from Controversies to Shared Interests?

in: European Energy Journal, Volume 2, Issue 2, August 2017, pp. 49-59
Kirsten Westphal

The North Sea Region

in: Gerald Stang (ed.), Securing the Energy Union: five pillars and five regions, EU Institute for Security Studies, 2017, pp. 39-47
Ellen Scholl, Kirsten Westphal

European Energy Security Reimagined

Mapping the Risks, Challenges and Opportunities of Changing Energy Geographies

SWP Research Paper 2017/RP 04, March 2017, 34 Pages
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SWP Comments

Paweł Tokarski, Serafina Funk
Non-euro Countries in the EU after Brexit

Between Fear of Losing of Political Influence and Euro Accession

Markus Kaim, Ronja Kempin
A European Security Council

Added Value for EU Foreign and Security Policy?