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Nato exercise on cyber warfare and security © picture alliance / NurPhoto | Jaap Arriens

Nato exercise on cyber warfare and security

Security and Resilience

The signs of growing global instability are unmistakeable. Arms control agreements have been dismantled while new weapons systems raise questions about their regulation. Violent extremist organisations gain traction and climate change threatens to increase the risk of armed conflict and weaken the resilience of nations. Rifts and impasses afflict international organisations, first and foremost the UN Security Council. Russia’s military aggression and China’s expansionism – for example via the Belt and Road Initiative from the Indo-Pacific to Europe – are also central challenges for Germany and its allies. Actors today often operate below the threshold of war using a multi-domain approach involving land, air, sea, cyberspace, and even outer space. Hybrid threats – including for example disinformation campaigns in Germany and other European states – blur the line between external and internal security. This complex situation puts a premium on resilience as a central objective for Germany and Europe. This applies equally to crisis prevention, stabilisation and peacebuilding in other world regions. The following questions are relevant in the process of fine-tuning German security policy: How can Germany make a larger contribution to global peace and security? What role does nuclear sharing play? How much more responsibility can and should Germany and the EU take for their own security and defence? And what does that mean for NATO and for the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy?