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The flags of the G7 countries at the summit in Japan 2016 © picture alliance / dpa | Michael Kappeler

The flags of the G7 countries at the summit in Japan 2016


Effective multilateralism means participating in international organisations and formats like the European Union and the United Nations. Germany’s cooperation with strategic partners – first and foremost the United States and the other EU states especially France – is equally central. Turkey and Ukraine are geopolitically crucial in the EU’s immediate southern and eastern neighbourhood and thus important partners, while the Western Balkans have an accession perspective. In the shifting global environment it is increasingly important for Germany and the EU to establish meaningful relationships with countries in the Indo-Pacific, looking beyond trade and investment to foster political cooperation in bilateral and plurilateral formats such as ASEAN. The task in Latin America, especially Brazil and Mexico, is to formulate a comprehensive agenda – in which recovery from the pandemic will certainly play a role. New fields of cooperation with African states and regions must be systematically developed, in addition to the established areas of stabilisation and crisis management.