International Panel on the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons (iPRAW)

The project »International Panel on the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons« (iPRAW) follows two overarching questions: How can one define lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS) and human control over the use of force? What are the options for a regulation of this technology? The assessment focuses on the negotiations within the United Nations Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, which the panel independently accompanies.

From 2017 to 2018, the interdisciplinary group of scientist discussed the following subjects: IHL and other fields of law; the state of technology and military operations; computational systems within the scope of LAWS; the concepts of autonomy and human control; ethics, norms, and public perception; risks and opportunities of LAWS. In 2019, iPRAW further investigated details on human control over the use force as well as options for verification and non-proliferation of autonomous weapon systems. Starting in 2020, a prominent focus of work will be the impact of the operational context on the necessary type and level of human control in the use of force.

Subsequent to each meeting the group publishes reports and working papers on the respective topics including recommendations to the high contracting parties of the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.

For more information please visit

Duration: January 2017-June 2022

Head of project: Anja Dahlmann

Researcher: Elisabeth Hoffberger-Pippan

Research Assistance: Lydia Wachs

Contact: mail(at)

Financial support: German Federal Foreign Office

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