Security and Defence in Northern Europe (SNE) (compl.)

Duration: 2013 - 30.04.2017

 Financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Defence

 "Security and Defence in Northern Europe" (SNE) is a cooperative research program among The Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies (IFS), the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in Washington, DC, and the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) in Berlin.

 With current geopolitical and geo-economic shifts, a mix of new and traditional threats, and increasing pressure on national defence budgets, Euro-Atlantic security is in a period of transformation. SNE explores contemporary opportunities and challenges embodied in evolving patterns of security and defence cooperation, by seeking answers to questions like:

  • What will be the future role of Northern Europe in an evolving Euro-Atlantic security architecture?

  • How should regional cooperation be linked to existing institutional frameworks and how will key actors in the region (e.g. Germany) and outside (e.g. U.S.) position themselves towards stronger regional cooperation?

  • Should regional cooperation be limited to the pooling and sharing of capabilities or should it include a political dimension, i.e. forums for discussions on strategy and security policy?

  • Does enhanced regional and bilateral cooperation between Northern European countries add value to European and Western security and defence efforts or does it create additional layers without added value, creating instead additional costs and a "tiered" alliance? Does cooperation have an enabling or divisive effect?

In the framework of seminars and workshops, this program seeks to engage experts and policymakers in a discussion on the future of defence cooperation in Europe. In the course of the program, studies, analyses and comments will be published.

For further information on the SNE-project and publications of the partner institutions please consult 


SWP Partners

The project was completed in April 2017.


Claudia Major, Jeffrey Rathke

NATO Needs Deterrence and Dialogue

Defining the New Balance in View of the Warsaw Summit

SWP Comment 2016/C 18, April 2016, 4 Pages
Claudia Major, Alicia von Voß

Nordic-Baltic Security, Germany and NATO

The Baltic Sea Region Is a Test Case for European Security

SWP Comment 2016/C 13, March 2016, 8 Pages
Claudia Major, Christian Mölling

A Hybrid Security Policy for Europe

Resilience, Deterrence, and Defense as Leitmotifs

SWP Comment 2015/C 22, April 2015, 4 Pages
Claudia Major

NATO’s Strategic Adaptation

Germany Is the Backbone for the Alliance’s Military Reorganisation

SWP Comment 2015/C 16, March 2015, 4 Pages
Christian Mölling, Alicia von Voß

The Role of EU National Parliaments in Defence Affairs

A Comparison of Decision-Making Powers across Europe concerning International Troop Deployments and Procurement Processes

SWP Working Paper FG03, WP No. 01, March 2015, 13 pages
Claudia Major, Christian Mölling

The Framework Nations Concept

Germany’s Contribution to a Capable European Defence

SWP Comment 2014/C 52, December 2014, 4 Pages
Claudia Major, Christian Mölling, Alicia von Voß

The State of Defence Cooperation in Europe

Working Paper, FG 03-WP No 3, December 2013, 14 pages