European and Global Energy Governance

© Felix Montino, CC BY 2.0,

With the global demand for energy and greenhouse gas emissions on the rise, heightened transformation pressure is being felt more broadly beyond just national energy systems. Governing energy transition(s) has become a prominent matter of international politics. Traditionally, security of supply had been paramount; socio-economic sustainability of the energy system(s) has gained ground since 2015. Energy policy in the European Union is gradually being placed in a coherent regulatory framework with the implementation of the Third Energy Package, the Energy Union (2015–2019), and with a substantial part of the announced Green Deal (2019). Yet, when it comes to shaping and steering global energy relationships, the institutional landscape remains characterized by great fragmentation. Challenges persist over ensuring security of supply and transforming the energy system, both in EU energy policy and in global energy governance.


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Kacpar Szulecki, Kirsten Westphal

The Cardinal Sins of European Energy Policy

Nongovernance in an Uncertain Global Landscape

in: Global Policy, Volume 5, Issue Supplement 1, pp. 38-51
Julia Howald, Stormy-Annika Mildner, Kirsten Westphal

Tipping the Power Balance?

The Shale Revolution and U.S. Foreign Policy

in: Transatlantic Academy Publications, 07.03.2014 (online)
Severin Fischer, Oliver Geden

Moving Targets

Negotiations on the EU’s Energy and Climate Policy Objectives for the Post-2020 Period and Implications for the German Energy Transition

SWP Research Paper 2014/RP 03, March 2014, 30 Pages
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