European and Global Energy Governance

© Felix Montino, CC BY 2.0,

With the global demand for energy and greenhouse gas emissions on the rise, heightened transformation pressure is being felt more broadly beyond just national energy systems. Governing energy transition(s) has become a prominent matter of international politics. Traditionally, security of supply had been paramount; socio-economic sustainability of the energy system(s) has gained ground since 2015. Energy policy in the European Union is gradually being placed in a coherent regulatory framework with the implementation of the Third Energy Package, the Energy Union (2015–2019), and with a substantial part of the announced Green Deal (2019). Yet, when it comes to shaping and steering global energy relationships, the institutional landscape remains characterized by great fragmentation. Challenges persist over ensuring security of supply and transforming the energy system, both in EU energy policy and in global energy governance.


Displaying results 31 to 40 out of 43
Maria Morgunova, Kirsten Westphal

Offshore Hydrocarbon Resources in the Arctic

From Cooperation to Confrontation in an Era of Geopolitical and Economic Turbulence?

SWP Research Paper 2016/RP 03, February 2016, 30 Pages
Maria Pastukhova, Kirsten Westphal

A Common Energy Market in the Eurasian Economic Union

Implications for the European Union and Energy Relations with Russia

SWP Comment 2016/C 09, February 2016, 8 Pages
Margarete Klein, Kirsten Westphal

Russia: Turn to China?

SWP Comment 2016/C 07, January 2016, 8 Pages
Alexander Gusev, Kirsten Westphal

Russian Energy Policies Revisited

Assessing the Impact of the Crisis in Ukraine on Russian Energy Policies and Specifying the Implications for German and EU Energy Policies

SWP Research Paper 2015/RP 08, December 2015
Severin Fischer, Oliver Geden

Limits of an »Energy Union«

Only Pragmatic Progress on EU Energy Market Regulation Expected in the Coming Months

SWP Comment 2015/C 28, May 2015, 4 Pages
Severin Fischer, Kirsten Westphal

Energy and Statecraft: A German Perspective

in: Reducing Vulnerability: A Transatlantic Approach to Energy Security, AICGS Policy Report No. 60, American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, April 2015, pp. 7-15
Kirsten Westphal

The European Gas Puzzle

Over-Securitization, Dilemmas and Multi-level Gas Politics on the European Continent a Year after ‘Euromaidan’

Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Policy Brief No. 11, 2014
Severin Fischer

The EU’s New Energy and Climate Policy Framework for 2030

Implications for the German Energy Transition

SWP Comment 2014/C 55, December 2014, 8 Pages
Marco Overhaus, Guido Steinberg, Kirsten Westphal

The US Shale Revolution and the Arab Gulf States

The Economic and Political Impact of Changing Energy Markets

SWP Research Paper 2014/RP 11, November 2014, 33 Pages
Kirsten Westphal

Institutional change in European natural gas markets and implications for energy security

Lessons from the German case

in: Energy Policy, Volume 74, November 2014, pp. 35-43
Displaying results 31 to 40 out of 43

SWP Comments

Bettina Rudloff, Christine Wieck
Sustainable Supply Chains in the Agri­cultural Sector: Adding Value Instead of Just Exporting Raw Materials

Corporate Due Diligence within a Coherent, Overarching and Partnership-based EU Strategy

Christian Wagner
Political Upheaval in Sri Lanka

Internal and External Consequences of the Parliamentary Elections on 5 August 2020

SWP Research Papers

Andrea Schmitz
Uzbekistan’s Transformation

Strategies and Perspectives

Muriel Asseburg
Reconstruction in Syria

Challenges and Policy Options for the EU and its Member States