Sustainability, Climate and Energy

3D Green Planet Earth, © Chris Potter, www.StockMonkeys.com, CC BY 2.0, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Sustainable development is about treating natural resources responsibly and protecting ecosystems without impeding economic and social development. While this is a noble principle and political objective, there are often conflicts of goals. The United Nations recently adopted a new catalogue of seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that seek to take account of interlinkages between goals – but also contain conflicting targets. Conflicts of interest hamper the search for political solutions, as clearly revealed by analyses of political processes in climate and energy policy. International interdependencies also mean that ideally multilateral solutions have to be found at international or regional level and then implemented at national and local level with the involvement of all relevant political actors and societal stakeholders. This complex multi-level governance brings about many challenges.

The SWP analyses in this dossier examine developments and issues in the field of sustainability, climate and energy. They track international and European policy processes, and discuss recommendations for action.

SWP Comments

Oliver Geden
Prioritise Greenhouse Gas Neutrality

EU and German Climate Policy Should Be More Ambitious and More Pragmatic


Annegret Bendiek, Raphael Bossong, Matthias Schulze
The EU’s Revised Cybersecurity Strategy

Half-Hearted Progress on Far-Reaching Challenges


SWP Research Papers

Sebastian Schiek
Movement on the Silk Road

China’s “Belt and Road” Initiative as an Incentive for Intergovernmental Cooperation and Reforms at Central Asia’s Borders


Annegret Bendiek
A Paradigm Shift in the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy: From Transformation to Resilience