Safety and Availability of Submarine Cables

Concentration of landing points in the worldwide network of submarine cables

A larger version of this submarine cable map can be found in this PDF file.

Further information can be found in the SWP Research Paper »Cracks in the Internet’s Foundation«.

The illustration shows cables that are currently in operation or are expected to be in operation until 2022.
Places where a large number of cables land are highlighted.

Source: TeleGeography, www.submarinecablemap.com; © 2019 Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP)

Category 10
Places where more than 10 cables arrive at one landing point or where several landing points not more than 10 km apart form a cluster where more than 10 cables arrive.

Category 5
Places where more than 5 cables arrive at a single landing point or where multiple landing points not more than 10 km apart form a cluster where more than 5 cables arrive.

Methods and data

The data from Submarine Cable Map (https://github.com/telegeography/www.submarinecablemap.com).form the basis for the representation. These contain geodata for all landing points and information about the cables that land there. The cluster algorithm DBSCAN (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DBSCAN) benutzt. The parameters for "eps" were set to 10 kilometers and "min_sample = 10" (for category 1) or > "min_sample = 5" (for category 2).

SWP Research Papers

Felix Heiduk, Gudrun Wacker
From Asia-Pacific to Indo-Pacific

Significance, Implementation and Challenges


Oliver Geden, Felix Schenuit
Unconventional Mitigation

Carbon Dioxide Removal as a New Approach in EU Climate Policy